Capsicum / Shimla mirch

Capsicum belongs to the family of “Solanaceae”. It is also known as bell pepper, jalapeno and chilli. It has become a key element in many regional cuisines. The name pepper is given to the capsicum because of their similar flavor to the condiment black pepper. Capsicum is available three different colours : green, red and yellow.


They are green at first and then changed to red, yellow or purple. They contain flat, kidney-shaped, white seeds, which are very hot in taste. The fruit of most species of capsicum contains “capsaicin”, which is a lipophilic chemical that produces a strong burning sensation in the mouth of the eater. The capsicum without capsaicin is the bell pepper. Lack of capsaicin in bell pepper is due to a recessive gene, which eliminates capsaicin.

  • Capsicum is found very rich in vitamins.
  • Capsicum helps in keeping the skin clean and clear.
  • It contains vitamin A, Which is good for eyes and also helps in preventing many eye diseases.
  • Capsicum also helps in preventing rashes and pimples.
  • It also helps in preventing hair fall.
  • It helps in maintaining thicker and fuller hair. So, we can say capsicum is one of the best hair growth boosting product.
  • Capsicum contains compounds known as capsaicins, that prevent carcinogen from binding with DNA and provide some protection from cancer.
  • Capsaicins, block the transmission of pain from the skin to the spinal cord. It helps in preventing the sensation of pain.

Nutrition Facts of capsicum / Shimla mirch

Chili peppers, gre
Amount Per 100 grams
Calories 40
% Daily Value
Total fat 0.2 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g
Monounsaturated fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 7 mg 0%
Potassium 340 mg 9%
Total Carbohydrate 9 g 3%
Dietary fiber 1.5 g 6%
Sugar 5 g
Protein 2 g 4%
Vitamin A 23% Vitamin C 404%
Calcium 1% Iron 6%
Vitamin B-6 15% Vitamin B-12 0%
Magnesium 6%

Daily percentage values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.


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