Potato / Aloo / Batata / Alu – Health Benefits

Potato belongs to the family of “Solanaceae” or “Nightshade”. Scientifically, it is named as “Solanum tuberosum”. Potatoes have a neutral starchy flavor. They are the swollen portion of the underground stem, which is called a tuber. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. The potato plants are herbaceous perennials. They grow about 24 inch(60 centimeter) high, depending upon the variety. They bear purple, red, white, pink or blue flowers with yellow stamens. They have become an integral part of the world’s cuisine.

Mostly, potatoes are cross-pollinated by insects. They have a good source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. And this would be gained, only if the skin of the potato is eaten. Potato is the fourth largest food crop in the world, followed by rice, wheat and maize. China is the world’s largest potato producing country. Nearly, one-third of the world’s potatoes are harvested in India and China. There are about five thousand varieties of potatoes worldwide. The skin is one of the healthiest part of the potato. There are some potato dishes which are unhealthy too. It may contain fast food french fries and potato chips.

Health benefits of potatoes

  • The fiber content of potato with skin is equivalent to that of many whole grain breads, cereals and pastas.
  • Potatoes are a very good source of vitamin C.
  • They also contain a variety of phytonutrients.
  • Potatoes also contain vitamin B6, potassium, copper, manganese and dietary fiber.
  • They helps in lowering blood pressure.

Nutrition Facts of potatoes

Amount Per 100 grams
Calories 77
% Daily Value
Total fat 0.1 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0 g
Monounsaturated fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 6 mg 0%
Potassium 421 mg 12%
Total Carbohydrate 17 g 5%
Dietary fiber 2.2 g 8%
Sugar 0.8 g
Protein 2 g 4%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 32%
Calcium 1% Iron 4%
Vitamin B-6 15% Vitamin B-12 0%
Magnesium 5%

Daily Value percentages are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.


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