Sugar / Chini / Shakar

Sugar is a carbohydrate, that occurs naturally in every fruit and vegetable in the plant kingdom. They are carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. It is made primarily from sugar beets and sugarcane. It is an ingredient used widely in daily cooking.



Types of sugar


Glucose or grape sugar is the primary product of photosynthesis. It occurs naturally in fruits and plant juices. Glucose syrup is a liquid form of glucose, which is widely used in the manufacture of food stuff.

Fructose or fruit sugar occurs naturally in fruits, root vegetables, cane sugar and honey. It is one of the components of sucrose or table sugar.

Galactose is a constituent with glucose of the disaccharide lactose or milk sugar. Generally, it does not occur in the free state.


Sucrose occurs naturally alongside fructose and glucose in other plants, particularly fruits and carrots. They are found in the stems of sugarcane and roots of sugar beet.

Maltose is less sweet than glucose, fructose or sucrose. It is formed during the germination of certain grains. Mostly, the barley grain, which is converted into malt. A molecule of maltose is formed by the combination of two molecules of glucose.

Lactose is the naturally occurring sugar found in milk. A molecule of lactose is formed by the combination of a molecule of galactose with a molecule of glucose.

  • Brown sugar is a white sugar combined with molasses. The residue left after sugarcane has been processed and removes the molasses and refine the sugar crystals.
  • Liquid sugar is a strong syrup, which consists of 67% granulated sugar
    dissolved in water.
  • Sugar cubes are white or brown granulated sugars. They are often used to sweeten the drinks.
  • Powdered sugar is also known as confectioner’s sugar or icing sugar. It is used where a quick dissolving of sugar is required.

Sugar is considered as an important part of the human diet. It provides more calories per day than other food groups.
A morning cup of tea or coffee is incomplete without sugar.
Taking a pinch of sugar on the tongue, helps in the remedy of hiccups.

Nutrition Facts of Sugar

Amount Per 100 grams
Calories 387
% Daily Value
Total fat 0 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0 g
Monounsaturated fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 1 mg 0%
Potassium 2 mg 0%
Total Carbohydrate 100 g 33%
Dietary fiber 0 g 0%
Sugar 100 g
Protein 0 g 0%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 0%
Calcium 0% Iron 0%
Vitamin B-6 0% Vitamin B-12 0%
Magnesium 0%

Daily Value percentages are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.


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