Lemons are bright yellow in color. They oval in shape with a pronounced bulge at the blossom end. They can range from a large egg to a small grape fruit. It is very juicy, acidic and flavorful. Lemon is the most widely used citrus fruit worldwide. Botanically, this citrus fruit belongs to the family of Rutaceae of the genus. Citrus, which includes orange, pomelo, tangerine (mandarin orange), and grape fruit. Scientifically it is named as “Citrus limon”.


Lemons are originated in the Himalayan foothills of North-East India. From there, they spread all across the Middle East, Europe, Africa and as far as America. It is one of the largest consumable among fruits all over the world. Lemons are small, spreading, evergreen trees growing up to 10-12 feet in most cultivated plantations. They flourish well in temperate and tropical environments. But, the cold and frosty conditions would affect their growth adversely. Stems are often armed with sharp, stout thorns. Fully-grown plant bears fragrant, white flowers in short cymes.

“Hesperidium” is the name described for the fruits belonging to the citrus group. It is a scientific term describing the fruit structure, belonging to the citrus group. Lemon contains many volatile oil glands in pits. Its interior flesh is composed of segments, called carpels, which is made up of numerous juice filled vesicles that are actually specialized hair cells. A mature fruit measures about 5-8 centimeter in diameter and weigh about 50-80 grams in weight.

Lemons are one of the most alkalizing foods for the body. There is no doubt that they are acidic on their own, but inside our body they are alkaline. Once they are metabolized, the citric acid do not create acidity in the body.
Lemons are high in vitamins and minerals. They help to loosen ama, or toxins in the digestive tract. The digestive qualities of lemon juice helps to relieve symptoms of indigestion, such as heartburn, belching and bloating.

Vitamin C is vital for healthy glowing skin while its alkaline nature kills some types of bacteria known to cause acne. It can actually be applied directly to scars or age spots to help in reducing their appearances. Lemons help in relieving the tooth pain and gingivitis.

The American Cancer Society actually recommends offering warm lemon water to cancer sufferers to help stimulate bowel movements. Lemon water is highly beneficial, specially in the morning if consumed warm. If you are not drinking, then you need to start. Lemons not only starts your day of alkaline, but it helps in digestion throughout the day. Also helps in aiding weight loss efforts.

Nutrition Facts of Lemon
Amount Per 100 grams
Calories 29
% Daily Value
Total fat 0.3 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g
Monounsaturated fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 2 mg 0%
Potassium 138 mg 3%
Total Carbohydrate 9 g 3%
Dietary fiber 2.8 g 11%
Sugar 2.5 g
Protein 1.1 g 2%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 88%
Calcium 2% Iron 3%
Vitamin B-6 5% Vitamin B-12 0%
Magnesium 2%

Daily Value percentages are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.


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